Durga Puja : Small facts and Tales of Mythology
India is a contry of religion. Its noted that Durga puja is celebrated in Bengal but if we look from Kashmir to Kannyakumari we find Devi Durga is worshipped in various forms. In northern part Devi Ambika is worshipped, Hingula/Rudrani in Gujarat, Uma in Mithila and many forms to say throughout India. While Bengal celebrates Durga Puja, rest of India more popularly celebrates Navaratri. The Mythological facts of Nine Forms of Devi is known to everybody. There is mixed history in regarding whether Devi Durga is more related to Vedic form or Her origin is related in the Tantra. Relating Dasa Mahavidya, Devi has various form of Kali, Jagadhatri which is nothing but the origin of Mahamaya.
In Rig Veda we do not find such existance of Devi Durga but we do find the existence of Rudra or Mahadeva. Thw existence of Uma is found in Kenoponishad, where she is the daughter of Himabat and she is Haimabati. The name Durga signifies when she killed the fierce Asur Durgam. Same in Skanda Puran.
The Markendeya Puran Says Devi Kalika, Durga, Chamunda, Parvati, Koushiki, Bindyabasini, Raktadantika, Shakambari, Shatakshi, Bhima, Bhramari to name a few forms of Devi.
In Devi Kabach Lord Brahma named the nine forms of Devi Durga like, Shailaputri, Brahmacharini, Chandraghanta, Kushmanda, Scandamata, Katyani, Kalratri, Mahagouri and Shiddhidatri.
In Chandi Devi has 3 main forms like She killed Mahisasur in the form of Durga, Madhukaitava was killed by Mahakali, And Devi Koushiki killed Shumbha and Nishumbha..Devi Koushiki is actually JayaDurga.
The origin of Devi Durga has two explanations in Padmapuran : The Mythological story says : In request of Lord Brahma Ratri Devi enterned the womb of Menaka and made body color black of Devi Uma….From that in Vedic form Devi Ratri is Worshipped as Parvati.
Secondly : In Markendeyapuran We all know the fact of Hoe Mahisasur gained boon from the Gods and Devi demolished in the form of Mahisasurmardini who was created from the power of all Gods.